Secondary data, not directly commissioned by Metaphysics Researchwas included in the data analysis. The following information was used to qualify and confirm data generated by the present study:

Events: Events featuring Mediums conducting group readings and workshops s were used as a secondary data. During Phase 1 of the study, the researcher attended and observed 9 events with a focus on mediumship.

Online Groups: The researcher observes and participates in online groups related to the new age movement, mediumship, evaluation research methods and near death studies to ensure the research methods and content is contemporary.

Literature: Academic journals and non-fiction material provide a basis for the evaluation research design. Metaphysics Researchattempts to address all of the limitations identified in past research to increase research rigor.